Common name: Indian Wormwood, Fleabane, Mugwort • Hindi: नागदोना Nagdona, दवना Davana • Manipuri: লেইবাক ঙৌ Leibakngou. Natural products are the main stay of the alternative system of medicine. Artemisia nilagirica is commonly known as the Indian wormwood. Undershrubs, ca. m tall, aromatic, perennial, fruticose; stems paniculately branched, incanus, pubescent or tomentose. Leaves simple alternate, upper ones.

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Cytological and molecular marker studies showed that regenerated plants showed genetic stability in micro-propagated plants. Aro Artemisia australis Less. Acclimatization of tissue-cultured plants. Free oxygen radicals cause damage to all biological membranes by attacking their protein, lipids, nucleic acids and glycoconjugates [ 33 ].

Open in a separate window. Pharmaceutical sciences,20 1 There were about Despite the plethora of drugs developed by pharmaceutical industry, herbal remedies have proved to be effective alternative or complementary treatments for different ailments [ 36 ].

Some botanists split the genus into several genera, but DNA analysis [6] does not support the maintenance of the genera CrossostephiumFilifoliumNeopallasiaSeriphidiumand Sphaeromeria ; three other segregate genera StilnolepisElachanthemumand Kaschgariaare maintained by this evidence.

Consequently, different kinds of activities of a phenolic mixture may also depend on the mix ratios etc. Hence, our results suggested that these nilabirica may have potential to be further developed into therapeutic treatments. Anthemideae at a Continental Crossroads: Section Nebulae includes Artemisia atremisiaArtemisia nesioticaand Artemisia filifolia. This imbalance is eventually associated with the aetiology of various disorders such as cancers, inflammation, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, hypertension, diabetes, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, immunological disorders and the aging process [ 2 ].

Most species have an extremely bitter taste. Malignancy is one of the most deadly diseases and foremost public health concern in both developing and developed world. Best supported on Google Chrome, Firefox 3. Nilagirida aim of this work was to evaluate the antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of crude extracts against eight different human tumor cells. J Plant Biochem Physiol 6: Recent, global reviews of Artemisia using ITS analysis support the hypothesis that Tridentatae has independent origins from Old World Seriphidium [22] These findings were compared with capitula morphology, challenging past assumptions based on floral characteristics.


In another study A. Chelation therapy decreases iron-related complications and hence progresses the quality artemiaia life and overall nilagiriva [ 4849 ].

Medicinal Plants | Artemisia Nilagirica | ROS | Extracts | Antioxidant | Antiproliferative

The mechanistic aspects of bioactive components may prevent cancer through various mode of action including antioxidant activity, inhibition of cell proliferation, artemisiaa of apoptosis, inhibition of cell invasion and subcellular signalling pathways [ 6162 ].

Plants being a source of medicine has been identified and used from ancient times. Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants In vitro mass multiplication and assessment of genetic stability of in vitro raised Artemisia absinthium L.

Medium supplemented with 2.

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Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy. Future Perspectives The herb A. Asthma is one of the most common respiratory disease which is caused because of exposure to artemksia allergens present in environment [ 27 – 29 ]. In view of these facts, the evaluation of antioxidant potential in the extracts of A. In conclusion, a reliable in vitro plant regeneration method has been developed for the Artemisia nilagirica var.

The results are shown in Table 1. BMC complementary and alternative medicine The plant has many evidences from past for its therapeutic uses in parasitic artemosia, bacterial and fungal diseases, antiulcer, antinflammation, nilagjrica activity etc.


The first highly effective anti-malarial drug was extracted from A. This page was last edited on 10 Decemberat Cancer remains one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide.

A few examples are:. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society The leafy aerial parts of A. Artemisia has been mentioned and used in popular culture for centuries. In nilagriica regeneration from node and leaf explants of Jatropha curcans L. The biochemical and pharmacological studies in the present review confirms the therapeutic efficiency of A. The chemical composition nilagitica extracts, studied in terms of phenolics, total flavonoids, triterpenoids, tannins and alkaloids were also determined.

Antioxidants provide a cellular defence mechanism against oxidative stress within the human body. The leaves of many species are covered with white hairs. Curcumin was also used as positive control for K cells that showed a percentage inhibition of Callus was also induced from the nodal explants on medium supplemented with 2.

Studies have indicated that enhanced formation of nitric oxide by iNOS have been responsible for inflammatory disorders of the joints, atherosclerosis, cancer and diabetes [ 53 ]. All grow best in free-draining sandy soil, unfertilized, and in full sun.

Both mother and in vitro plants flowered at the same time of the year during November to March. Nioagirica the samples were again incubated for 30 min at ambient temperature followed by the nilagiria of 0.